TBI could be an open or closed case in a rear-end collision

If another driver hits your vehicle from behind while you are stopped in traffic or at a light, the crash is likely to happen at low speed.

Nevertheless, the impact could leave you with a serious injury. One of the most common in this kind of collision is a traumatic brain injury of which there are two forms.

What happens

You might connect a concussion or even a more serious brain injury with athletes, football players especially. However, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are about 2 million traumatic brain injuries annually. Of these, falls cause 40.5 percent and vehicle crashes cause 14.3 percent. The latter works out to about 286,000 TBIs per year, but researchers believe the number may be much higher. The reason is that symptoms of a head injury are not always evident at the time of a crash and may not show up for hours or even days afterward.

Forms of traumatic brain injury

There are two types of TBI. An open TBI is the result of an object penetrating the skull and entering the brain. A closed TBI, which is the most common form, results from a bump to the head. The bump could be significant, as when a rear-end collision causes the victim’s head to hit the windshield or steering wheel. Even in the event of a low-speed crash, the impact is sufficient to cause a concussion or mild brain trauma, which can result in long-term memory and thinking issues.

A complex case

If you sustain a head injury because of a rear-end collision, you can expect financial compensation to cover your medical expenses and more. Insurance companies can be cagey. They are in business to hold onto as much money as they can and, as a result, try to minimize the amount they pay out for claims. Remember that you have a right to a full and fair settlemen