The disastrous 2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico brought changes to offshore-drilling regulations, including new rules intended to avoid similar problems in the future. These rules require offshore companies and subcontractors to create and document plans covering work safety and emergency practices along with improved facility information. Further work was clearly needed as a series of Gulf incidents in 2012 and 2013, including a fatal platform fire and a natural-gas well explosion prompted the federal government to consider tracking near-miss events that might indicate larger safety issues. The Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) and the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) worked together to create a voluntary reporting program that relies on oil and gas companies to submit confidential reports of close calls. Despite this promise of confidentiality, industry representatives have expressed doubts about how the information will be used. To help promote confidence, the BSEE will hold workshops with companies this month to encourage participation and gather ideas about what types of information to collect. Any injury at sea is a clear concern, but investigations into the Deepwater Horizon explosion four years ago noted that offshore drillers sometimes pay too little attention to "process safety management" and instead focus too closely on individual injury prevention. Maritime attorneys will continue to protect the rights of seamen injured on the job, yet a program that ultimately helps prevent offshore-drilling injuries and fatalities through improved safety processes is surely beneficial, if the oil and gas companies will cooperate. Federal regulators have faced such reluctance before. The aviation industry showed similar resistance over 30 years ago when their reporting program began, but the assurance of confidentiality turned it into a successful venture. Now railroad regulators are trying to overcome the fears of that industry. Its 2011 voluntary program has had limited success with only one out of the 26 railroads serving commuters fully engaged so far. Still, the BSEE is stressing the confidential nature of this new endeavor. The BTS will collect the data and handle analysis before turning over aggregated information to the BSEE. No identifying details that could expose individuals or companies will be included, and the information will not be subject to the Freedom of Information Act, offering further protection from disclosure. The BSEE has also stated that it will not use any information for enforcement purposes. While the upcoming workshops will generate ideas for data tracking, the episodes known as kicks may be one area to consider. Kicks occur when fluids, including oil and natural gas, enter wells, and they have the potential to erupt into well blowouts. Currently, there are few requirements for reporting them. Tracking their frequency, as well as crews' response times, could lead to better training and better equipment to handle these incidents before they become disasters that necessitate the intervention of an offshore injury lawyer. The BP Macondo well that exploded in 2010 experienced a kick just a month before that disaster, and it was not noticed for 33 minutes. On the night of the explosion, another kick occurred in the well; it was 40 minutes before anyone realized it, and that led to explosive gas entering the rig. As a consequence, BP was prevented from bidding on any new federal contracts. Now, the company will be the only one required to participate in the safety-tracking program as a condition of an agreement with the Environmental Protection Agency to end BP's contract suspension. BP is required to collect data on injury rates and on the breach of primary containment in wells, which they must report to their board and to the BSEE. Time will tell if federal regulators will need to make the near-miss reporting program a requirement for all offshore companies.