The explosion at the storage facility in West, Texas has caused government officials and residents alike to be more concerned about the chemicals that are being stored at industrial plants. Ammonium nitrate is known to be a dangerous substance and has caused serious explosions in Texas. For example, the chemical plant accident in West caused the death of 14 people and injured hundreds of others, and the cause of the explosion was determined to be ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate can be stored in a liquid form, and this makes the substance less dangerous. However, the chemical plant in West, Texas did not store the material in this manner. In 2012, the storage facility reported that it stockpiled 540,000 pounds of ammonium nitrate in powder form, and this increases the likelihood of a chemical plant explosion. Since the accident at the West facility, eyes have turned toward industrial plants such as Buckley Powder. A Chemical Plant of Concern in Central Texas Buckley Powder supplies materials to the mining and construction industries, and it stores large quantities of ammonium nitrate in powder form. The company reported to state officials in the year 2012 that it had 90,000 pounds of this substance stockpiled at its facility. With so much ammonium nitrate within close proximity, people are expressing their concern because of the petrochemical plant explosion in West, Texas. Federal Oversight Texas industrial plants have many regulations that they must follow on a federal level, but there is not a great deal of oversight regarding this issue, and Texas plants that store ammonium nitrate are currently reporting to different federal agencies. For example, Buckley Powder must submit to inspections by the Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a federal agency that also oversees safety procedures. However, OSHA last inspected the industrial plant in West in 1985. The Department of Homeland Security is another federal agency that regulates plants that store ammonium nitrate, but the facility in West was not reporting to this agency. State Oversight On the state level, there is some oversight for industrial plants that are stockpiling dangerous chemicals like ammonium nitrate. The Department of State Health Services keeps track of dangerous chemicals, but regulation of these substances is not the domain of this particular agency. According to Commissioner David Lakey, his agency only stores data and that regulation is the responsibility of local entities, such as officials at the fire departments and the city councils. The Municipal Level With each city responsible for regulating how industrial plants handle dangerous chemicals, the rules and regulations can be very different from one city to the next. This is also the case for disaster preparation. Steve McCraw of the Texas Department of Public Safety recently stated that his agency is not responsible for disaster preparation and that this is the domain of local agencies. The state of Texas has 270 local committees that plan for emergencies, and the Department of Public Safety oversees them. However, each of these committees is run differently in each county. The Department of Public Safety only brings officials from these committees together to create safety plans for the various counties. An Example of Disaster Preparedness on a Local Level The local fire department in Amarillo, Texas is one agency that has worked to be prepared for a potential industrial plant explosion. One storage facility in this city is currently stockpiling more ammonium nitrate than any other in the state, so local officials are aware that they need a safety plan. For this purpose, they developed a hazmat team that is ready to address various problems that could occur. Even so, people know that all disasters cannot be prevented.